Go, teach Eternal Wisdom how to rule— Then drop into thyself, and be a fool! No creature owns it in the first degree, But thinks his neighbour farther gone than he!
Is it because nature hasn't made him the master of all? The four epistles which had already been published would have comprised the first book.
The impiety of putting himself in the place of God, and judging of the fitness or unfitness, perfection or imperfection, justice or injustice of his dispensations. As has been stated in the introduction, Voltaire had become well acquainted with the English poet during his stay of more than two years in England, and the two had corresponded with each other with a fair degree of regularity when Voltaire returned to the Continent.
The two principles of Man, self-love and reason, both necessary, ver. Know then thyself, presume not God to scan; The proper study of mankind is man. Together let us beat this ample field, Try what the open, what the covert yield. Cease then, nor order imperfection name: If white and black blend, soften, and unite A thousand ways, is there no black or white?
Our proper bliss depends on what we blame. Placed on this isthmus of a middle state, A being darkly wise, and rudely great: Is the great chain, that draws all to agree, And drawn supports, upheld by God, or thee?
Once, for a whim, persuade yourself to pay A debt to reason, like a debt at play. Form'd by thy converse, happily to steer From grave to gay, from lively to severe.
How odious vice in itself, and how we deceive ourselves into it, ver. Web for his health, a Chartreux for his sin, Contend they not which soonest shall grow thin? Of man what see we, but his station here, From which to reason, or to which refer? As Man, perhaps, the moment of his breath, Receives the lurking principle of death; The young disease, that must subdue at length, Grows with his growth, and strengthens with his strength: Our proper bliss depends on what we blame.
Therefore, some other force must have created the universe for the use of a variety of creatures. Man never is, but always to be blest.
Know then thyself, presume not God to scan; The proper study of mankind is man. The action of the stronger to suspend Reason still use, to reason still attend. The predominant passion, and its force, ver. Awake, my St John!
Although the question is unsettled and probably will remain so, it is generally believed that Pope was indoctrinated by having read the letters that were prepared for him by Bolingbroke and that provided an exegesis of Shaftesbury's philosophy. In both, to reason right is to submit.
About[ edit ] The Essay on Man was a work of great labour and long consideration, but certainly not the happiest of Pope's performances. The limits of his capacity, ver.
Teach us to mourn our nature, not to mend, A sharp accuser, but a helpless friend! Never were penury of knowledge and vulgarity of sentiment so happily disguised. The four epistles which had already been published would have comprised the first book.
That virtue only makes our bliss below, And all our knowledge is ourselves to know. The Consequence of all, the absolute submission due to Providence, both as to our present and future state.
Of hearing, from the life that fills the flood, To that which warbles through the vernal wood: Or from a judge turn pleader, to persuade The choice we make, or justify it made; Proud of an easy conquest all along, She but removes weak passions for the strong:An Essay on Man: Epistle I By Alexander Pope.
To Henry St. John, Lord Bolingbroke. Awake, my St. John! leave all meaner things and lives along the line: In the nice bee, what sense so subtly true An Essay on Man: Epistle I By Alexander Pope.
An Essay on Man: Epistle II Pope, Alexander ( - ) Original Text: ] vital humour the heart, or fills the head: appears to mean the several kinds of subtle spirits (see Essay on Criticism, note on line 77). The vital spirits are produced in the heart, animal spirits in the head.
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This lesson will look at Alexander Pope's 'An Essay on Man.' We will consider its context, form, meaning, and the ways in which it reflects the mindset of the thinkers of the 18th century. Pope's Poems and Prose Summary and Analysis of An Essay on Man: Epistle II. Buy Study Guide. Pope's Poems and Prose study guide contains a biography of Alexander Pope, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
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